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April 21, 2005

パラサイト分子

ハイパーサイクルは、変異に対して強い構造ですが、パラサイト分子が生まれると困ったことになります。

parasite パラサイト分子というのは、自分は触媒されて増殖するが、他を触媒しない分子のことです。たとえば、Aにより触媒されて自己複製できる変異体B’は、Cの複製を触媒しないのです。このため、B’が増えてもCが増えないので、ハイパーサイクルが壊れてしまうのです。

もっとも、もともとのA、B、Cからなるループの分子が減少し、B’を触媒するAも減少するので、次第にパラサイト分子B’も増えることができなくなってしまいます。

こうしたことは、人間社会でもよく起こることですが、これを地域に当てはめてみると、次のようなことが言えるのではないでしょうか。

ハイパーリンクを地域と考え、Aを企業、Bを市民、Cを行政とみなします。企業、市民、行政がそれぞれ互いを触媒し、良い循環が出来ている地域は、パワーが生まれる。しかし、たとえば、要求のみして義務を果たさないパラサイト市民ばかりになると、行政の負担が増し、適切な産業育成策が行われず、地域が疲弊してしまうと考えられます。

これは、先述の、パットナムの市民共同体が政治・経済のパフォーマンスが良い(市民共同体がないとパフォーマンスが悪い)というのと合い通じるところがあります。

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