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September 15, 2010

オウルの奇跡(ミカ・クルユさん)

上記タイトルの、新評論、2008年刊行。ちなみに、著者は、日系女性かと思ったら、男性であった。

この本は、札幌のITクラスターを考えるうえで、前から読みたいと思っていたのだが、遅くなってしまった。フィンランド人の名前が分かりにくいのが難点だ。

この本によると、オウルの奇跡は、何か一つのことや一人の人のお蔭ではなく、さまざまな偶然やさまざまな思いが集結した結果であるということが分かる。

ただ、残念ながら、札幌とは、まるで背景が違い、参考にはできないことが分かった。

というのは、これまでの産業が衰退するなかで、地域の人たちが、一生懸命地域を活性化しようと知恵や汗を流しているところだ。大学を誘致したのも地元の人たちだし、大学を卒業した人材が首都圏に流れないよう、地域に雇用の場を創出することに力を注いだのも地元の人である。それには、大学の教授たちも自らも起業するなど、一生懸命産業振興を進めた。

札幌の人たちだって、一生懸命地域活性化を願っているといえば確かにそうだが、大学もおそらく国から与えられたものだし、大学教授が地域産業活性化にそれほど熱心ではない。気持ちは熱心かもしれないが、自分の仕事とは思っていないで、相談されれば受けるといった程度だ。将来のIT産業を俯瞰し、それに必要な人材を育成しようとか、その受け皿である雇用先を設けようと自ら動いているわけではない。

めったにないチャンスであった知クラ事業についても、業界全体がまとまることはなかった。お上がやることにしぶしぶ付き合った程度だ。実際には、この事業はIT業界のなかから、IT業界を活性化させるためにもってきたのだが、お金を配分する仕組みのなかで、道や財団(電力など)が絡むことになり、多くのIT企業にとっては、主体性のない事業となってしまった。

私は、札幌のケースを失敗例として研究しようと思い、オウルと比較しようと思っていたのだが、20万都市と180万都市の違いもあるのだろうし、人々の取り組み方があまりにも違うので、比較は無理かもしれない。

・テクノポリスの運営の仕組みは、たぶん、例の「信託」なのであろうから、それと、ノーステック財団との違い。

・大学教授の立ち位置の違い。

・世界市場を考える企業の目線の違い。

・・・・何かできるだろうか?

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